Participate in Seat rolls alternated with jogging in place demonstrating quickness, agility, and following the instructions described by the instructor.
Participate in Continuity Exercises to improve strength, endurance, and flexibility during the Fitness section of class.
Demonstrate bracing the bow, stance, anchor hold, drawing, nocking the arrow, aiming, releasing and after hold as demonstrated by the instructor.
Participate in Partner Bean Bag Challenges with a partner as presented by the instructor during the closing portion of class.
NATIONAL STANDARDS: 1-5
Introductory Activity (2-3 Minutes)
Seat rolls alternated with jogging in place
Students begin on all fours with their heads up, looking at the instructor. When the teacher gives a left- or right-hand signal, students respond quickly by rolling in that direction on their seat. Seat rolls can be alternated with running in place or with rope jumping to increase the aerobic challenge.
Teacher directs movement activities
Be sure students have safe distance between them
Fitness Development (8-12 Minutes)
Side leg lifts
Pre-record or use Tabata app to set up rope jumping and strength and flexibility exercises.
Students jump rope during music. When music stops, teacher directs strengthening, stretching exercises
Lesson Focus (15-20 Minutes)
Brace Bow: Several methods are used for stringing, or bracing, the bow. One method involves using a bow stringer device made of a 5-foot (1.5 m) rope with a leather cup on each end. The cups are put on both ends of the bow with the string hanging down toward the ground in front of the body. After placing one string loop in position, place one foot on the center of the bow stringer and pull the bow straight up with one hand. Use the free hand to slide the free string loop into place. To unstring the bow, reverse the process.
Another stringing technique is called the step-through method. Start by placing the bottom string loop in position. Then put the bottom curve of the bow across the top of the right ankle, and step between the string and the bow with the left foot. Use the left hand to bend the bow against the left thigh until the string loop can be moved into place with the right hand. Be sure to keep the face away from the bow tip.
Extend and Draw: The bow should be held horizontally in the left hand, and the nock (or butt end) of the arrow should be placed on the nocking point (a small knot in the string that ensures that the arrow will be parallel to the sight) of the string. The odd-colored feather should face away from the bow. Use the index finger of the left hand to steady the arrow on the arrow rest.
Anchor Hold: The string should touch the nose, lips, and chin, while the index finger touches under the center of the chin. The anchor point should be the same for every shot.
Nock Arrow: The bow should be held horizontally in the left hand, and the nock (or butt end) of the arrow should be placed on the nocking point (a small knot in the string that ensures that the arrow will be parallel to the sight) of the string. The odd-colored feather should face away from the bow. Use the index finger of the left hand to steady the arrow on the arrow rest.
Aiming: Target archery has two basic methods of aiming—point of aim and bowsights. The beginner should probably use the point-of-aim technique, which involves finding a spot somewhere on a vertical line drawn above, through, and below the middle of the target. This point of aim will vary according to the distance from the target. To locate the point, align the eye and the arrow with an object on the vertical line through the center of the target. Shoot several rounds and then adjust the point of aim up or down accordingly. A mechanical bowsight can be mounted on the bow and used by aligning the center of the target through the aperture (a scope or opening to view down range). The aperture is then adjusted up or down, or left or right, depending on the pattern of the arrows for that shooting distance. The aperture position is then noted for each distance and is used in the future.
Release and Afterhold: As the arrow is released, the back muscles remain tight while the string fingers relax. The relaxed drawing hand moves backward slightly along the neck. The bow arm and head remain steady until the arrow hits the target (afterhold).
Archery appears to have been invented in Africa as early as 50,000 BC. Investigators discovered the first stone arrowheads in Africa. They believe the bow and arrow were invented there in conjunction with the invention of the spear thrower. A short bow would be a better hunting weapon to stalk animals in wooded areas, rather than carrying around long spears.
Closing Activity (5 Minutes)
Partner Bean Bag Challenges with partner
Catch with hands
Catch on top of hand, palm face down
Catch on top of foot
Toss under leg
Toss behind back
Bean bags spread around perimeter Student put in groups of 2 using Toe-to-Toe 1 person picks up bean bag on command Encourage partners to challenge each other
Evaluation/Review and Cheer
What was the most challenging part of Fitness?
Where and when is it believed that the bow and arrow were developed?
Review procedures for Bracing Bow
Ask students to explain aiming techniques.
What were the most challenging Bean Bag challenges?